The manoeuvrability studies have particular importance for the verification of port and water way projects in order to define the best degree of safety of navigation identified among the different alternative proposed solutions. This type of application of simulation systems, whether 2D or 3D, is based on a close synergy between maritime simulation operators and port engineering designers.
These types of studies conducted in the port design solution under consideration, with relevant ship models accurately modelled, allow realistic manouevres under differing operational constraints. Realistic environmental effects and traffic situations can be accurately tested by masters and pilots.
In this context, a realistic representation in terms of physical and hydrodynamic effects due to restricted waters, interaction between ships, and, in the case of the wave-induced, mooring or unmooring manoeuvres, and lines and fender dynamic actions (the mathematical model) have a particular importance.
The analysis of the time histories of the various physical dynamics and kinematics quantities, recorded during the execution of each single manoeuvre, allows evaluation of the manoeuvres in quantitative terms and determines the degree of safety of the proposed project and consequently identify the limits of the environmental conditions, and of navigation. From this port rules and restrictions can be developed.
In support of the verification of the port project, is the involvement of the port personnel and allied services in the identified design solution. Using 3D simulated interactive environments is an optimal solution.